Gonorrhea (Gonorrhoea) is a sexually transmitted infection /disease (STI/STD) that affects both men and women in various ways. It has been in existence for centuries now and it is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
Gonorrhea mostly affects the damp areas of the body like the reproductive tract, eyes, mouth, throat, rectum, and vagina.
COMMON CAUSES OF GONORRHEA
Below are the common/primary causes of gonorrhoea:
Bacterial infection: Gonorrhea as stated in the introductory segment above is caused by a bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
Unprotected sex: This is one of the major ways to contact this disease. Unprotected sex is one of the major transmitters of gonorrhoea. It can also be gotten via other sexual practices such as kissing etc. If left untreated, this bacterium can easily spread to other sexual partners. The disease can easily be gotten by simply coming in contact with the infected area on another person.
Vertical infection: The disease can be transferred from mother to child during the course of child birth.
Please Note: The bacteria cannot survive outside a host (human body) for more than 2-3 seconds, so it is impossible to get the disease from any external source such as toilet, eating from the same plate, shaking hands, hugging etc.
SYMPTOMS OF GONORRHEA
The symptoms vary according to gender and age. We will be giving you the complete symptoms. Symptoms usually appear between 2 to 14 days of contacting the disease. Some persons can easily notice their own while others may never know and they would keep spreading it not knowing what they have contacted.
Symptoms in Men
- Burning and irritation while urination (painful urination)
- Swelling and pain of the prostate gland
- Increase in frequency of urination
- Thick and yellow discharge from the penis
- Continued sore throat
- Swelling of the penis opening
Symptoms in Women
The symptoms in women are usually not identifiable, but in some cases, you might see the following symptoms
- Burning, itching, and irritation of the vagina and cervix
- Urge to urinate often
- Thick yellow or green discharge from the vagina
- Spotting between periods
- Abdominal pain
- Inflammation of the cervix
- Pain while sexual intercourse
- Feeling of tiredness
Symptoms in New born babies
- Irritation of the mucous membranes of the eyes (can also lead to blindness)
PREVENTION OF THE DISEASE
There are measures you can take to reduce the risk of becoming infected with gonorrhea.
Practice safer sex
Do you know that preventing a sexually transmitted disease (STD) is easier than treating the infection after it occurs? After all the saying goes a stitch in time saves nine, right?
Find out whether your partner is at risk for an STI.
Avoid sexual contact if you have symptoms of an STD or you are being treated for an STD.
Avoid sexual contact with anyone who has symptoms of an STD or who may have been exposed to an STD.
- Don’t have more than one sexual relationship at a time. Your risk for an STI increases if you have several sex partners at the same time.
Abstain from sex till marriage. One man- one woman for your own safety and health
HOW TO TEST FOR GONORRHEA
Go to a sexual health clinic, government or private hospital. The test for gonorrhea is completely harmless and painless.
TREATMENT OF GONORRHEA
Gonorrhea is usually treated with antibiotics. Do not miss your dosage if you do the gonorrhea infection may not be cured.
Gonorrhea is usually treated with an antibiotic injection of Ceftriaxone or a single dose of Azithromycin taken by mouth.
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